Fossil Forest in the Lefkimis area

Extraordinary setting of the fossilized remains of a 40 million year old forest in the Dadia area


Fossil Forest in the Lefkimis area

Fossilized Forest in the Lefkimis area which is found in the wider Dadia Forest of the Evros region

 is geologically a unique and remarkable monument which gives us rare scientific data. According to recent scientific analysis this is the oldest fossil forest in the country dating back 30 to 40 million years with rare plant fossils of the Eocene period. Indeed, new scientific information is raising our knowledge of the geological history and the evolution of plants.

The creation of the Fossilized Forest is a result of volcanic activity which took place in the north eastern Aegean Sea. During this period of intense volcanic activity lava, ash and other pyroclastic material covered an area of lush subtropical vegetation. Simultaneously other volcanic activity created hot springs rich in dissolved silica (SiO2) which began an intense hydrothermal process of circulation. This last activity penetrated the volcanic rocks reaching the trunks of buried trees and so began the process of fossilization; i.e., the replacement, molecule by molecule from organic vegetable matter to inorganic materials. The result of this process is the creation of fossil structures.

In the Lefkimis area, in a part of the pine forest one can see fossilized logs which look like parts of trees, which have turned to stone - unique in the world. For this reason, this part of the forest ranks amongst the richest fossil sites.

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